Tuesday, February 13, 2018

All You Need To Know 100 Facts About Nepal.

All You Need To Know Top Facts About Nepal.

  1. Nepal Location: South Asia: 26°22' to 30°27' North latitude and 80°4' to 88°12' East longitude with the area of 147181 sq. km. 
  2. Nepal has the widest altitude range: It rises from as low as 59 meters (194 ft) elevation Musaharniya Dhanusa Janakpur in the tropical Terai—the northern rim of the Gangetic Plain, beyond the perpetual snow line to Earth's highest 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) Mount Everest or Sagarmatha within an average width of 193 km Nepal is a sovereign country and supposed to be the oldest country in South Asia. 
  3. Nepal has maintained a glorious history of independence and it never put up with foreign rule and highhandedness. 
  4. Nepal has No Independence Day as it never under any colonialism. Nepal has its own great history: Nepali or Gorkhali are world-widely known for their bravery. 
  5. That's why Adolf Hitler said, "If I had Gurkhas, no armies in the world will defeat me". The Former Chief of staff of the Indian Army, Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw also said: “If a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or he is a Gurkha”. 
  6. The Gurkha regiments served in many countries (from 1857 until 1947), in Burma, Afghanistan, the North-East and North-West Frontiers of India, Malta (The Russo-Turkish War 1877-78), Cyprus, Malaya, China (the Boxer rebellion of 1900), Tibet and in many other First and Second World Wars. 
  7. Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. On December 28, 2007, the Interim Parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to become a Federal Democratic Republic Nation. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly officially implemented that declaration on May 28, 2008. 
  8. Previously Nepal is only one Hindu kingdom of the world. Now constitution of Nepal is declared to be Secular but specifically denies the right to convert another person.. Constitution Of Nepal 2072, Clarify Secularism as "For the purpose of this article 'secular' means protection of religion and culture being practiced since ancient times and religious and cultural freedom" (Constitution of Nepal 2072; article 4) "Convert a person of one religion to another religion, or disturb the religion of other people shall be punishable by law" (Constitution of Nepal 2072: article 26.3). 
  9. Buddha who is called as the light of Asia was born in Lumbini Nepal: Siddhartha Gautama, the Lord Buddha, was born in 623 B.C. in the famous gardens of Lumbini which soon became a place of pilgrimage. 
  10. Vyasa (Veda Vyasa ) was born in Damauli Tanahu Nepal. There is a medication cave called 'Vyasa gupha" and the birthplace of Vyasa in Tanahun District of Nepal is now named as Vyasa Municipality. Hindus traditionally hold that Vyasa categorized the primordial single Veda into three canonical collections and that the fourth one, known as Atharvaveda, was recognized as Veda only very much later. Hence he was called Veda Vyasa, or "Splitter of the Vedas," the splitting being a feat that allowed people to understand the divine knowledge of the Veda. The word Vyasa means split, differentiate, or describe. 
  11. Pāṇini is an ancient Sanskrit philologist, grammarian (author of Siddhanta Kaumudi), and a revered scholar in Hinduism was born in Arghakhanchi Nepal. The birthplace of Pāṇini is now named as Pāṇini Rural Municipality. 
  12. Sita (Janaki): is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and adopted daughter of Rajarshi Janak was born in Janakpur Nepal. 
  13. Nepal has world's tallest peak, Mount Everest: In Nepali Mount Everest is called as Sagarmatha. Tibetan called as Chomolungma. The name "Sagarmatha" (meaning: “Forehead in the Sky”) was given by Historian Baburam Acharya. The name Mt. Everest is the Name of British General George Everest. (different height of Everest measured by different agencies). A major part of Himalayan is in Nepal. Out of top 20 more than 8000 meters tall mountain in the world, Nepal alone has 14. See here. Beyond these there are 90 peaks over 7,000 metres (22,966 ft). 
  14. Tilicho Lake: situated at highest altitude of world(Mugu, 4919 m height) 
  15. The Hotel Everest View: Highest placed hotel in the world established by Nepali and Japanese investor at 1961 AD) 
  16. Arun Valley: the world's deepest valley located at 450 m from sea level and 8006 m deep from 8463 m of Mt. Makalu in Samkhuwasabha district Nepal. 
  17. World smallest coin is " Jawa" during the rule of King Jay Prakash Malla 1797 BS. The smallest coins of the world came actually from Nepal. This is the silver 1/4 Jawa. Weight 0.002 gram. The Jawa is a square bracteate silver or gold coin (C. 0.010 g.) 
  18. Own historical and official Hindu calendar (Bikram Sambat BS;) (56-57 years ahead than Gregorian Calendar). The era is named after King Vikramaditya. 
  19. Nepal Era Nepāl Sambat is the national lunar calendar of Nepal. The era started on 20 October 879 AD and was in widespread use for all daily purposes until the beginning of the 20th century when it came under official disapproval by Rana. 
  20. Deepest gorge: "Andha" Gorge of Kaligandaki River is the deepest gorge in the world. Which is located in Myagdi district Dana VDC, 6967 m deep, between Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain. 
  21. "Jumli Marsi": Jumli Marsi (high altitude rice) : a paddy variety grown in the highest altitude in the world at 2850 m altitude Jumla district Patarashi VDC. 
  22. World highest altitude electricity project: Tsho rolpa Micro Hydro Project Located at Dolakha Gaurishankar Village, 4580 m altitude and capacity of 15 kw, The construction was completed in 2003. 
  23. Geodermatophillus obscurus everesti: Chinese scientist discovered at an altitude of 8306 m is supposed to be bacteria living at highest altitude. 
  24. The highest density of World Heritage sites: Kathmandu Valley within the area of 570 sq km have 7 WH sites. The cultural heritage of the Kathmandu valley is illustrated by seven groups of monuments and buildings which display the full range of historic and artistic achievements for which the Kathmandu valley is world famous. The seven include the Durbar square of Hanuman Dhoka (Kathmandu), Patan and Bhaktapur, the Buddhist stupas of Swayambhu and Bauddhanath and the Hindu temples of Pashupatinath and Changu Narayan 
  25. Kathmandu is the only one capital city attached with the National park. Shivapuri-Nagarjun National Park is the ninth national park in Nepal and was established in 2002. It is located in the country's mid-hills on the northern fringe of the Kathmandu Valley and named after Shivapuri Peak of 2,732 m (8,963 ft) altitude. It covers an area of 159 km2 (61 sq mi) in the districts of Kathmandu, Nuwakot, and Sindhupalchowk. 
  26. Nepal occupies 0.03 % of total land in world's total land, 0.3% in Asia, 3% of south Asia, 93rd country in Area, (147181 sqkm) 
  27. Nepal is 25th in biodiversity all around World, 11th within Asia 40th most populous, and in population density, it is 62nd (180/sqkm). 
  28. According to 2068 census: Nepal's Population is 29,465,830 (0.39 % of total population of world), Male/Female percentage) 
  29. Nepal is second richest in Water resource (after Brazil), the sources are Himalayan, Glaciers, Rivers, Streams, and underground water. 83000 MW. 
  30. Nepal's longest river Karnali (507km), Deepest river Gandaki and Biggest river Koshi. Rara Lake Mugu is the largest and deepest lake of Nepal. 
  31. Khumbu glacier is the largest glacier of Nepal. Langtang glacier is the longest glacier of Nepal. 
  32. Hyatung Water Fall Tehrathum (365m) is the longest waterfall of Nepal. Xo-Rolpa glacial lake is the largest glacial lake of Nepal. 
  33. Nepal is a landlocked country and surrounded by 22 times bigger India and 65 times bigger China: East south and west India (5 states (1690km: Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim), North (1236km): China autonomous state Tibet: 
  34. District touched with China Only: 13, India Only: 24, both: 2 (Taplejung and Darchula), None: 36; Provinces touched with China only: Province 6; India only: Province 2 & 5; both: 1, 3, 4, 7 
  35. Nepal has a triangular National flag; which is unique (Meaning of Triangular shape, color, Sun, and Moon. 
  36. East-west length of Nepal 885 km and North-south width is 193 km(average; Max: 241km and Min: 145km) 
  37. Time zone: GMT+5:45 (Nepal is the only country which has time zone of 45; Gaurishankar Mountain Dolakha District: 86°15' 
  38. Nearest capital city (Thimpu Bhutan) Nearest 3rd country: Bangladesh (27 km), 4th Bhutan (32km) 
  39. Nepal has geographically distinct three regions: Mountain region, Hilly region and Terai (plane) region. (Climate, Fertility, Population diversion, Districts and occupation) Politically 7 provinces, 75 (77) districts, and 753 local levels. (previously 75 districts 14 Zones and 5 Development regions) (Link for the detail post) 
  40. The capital of SAARC (Secretariat) is Kathmandu Nepal (South Asia Association for Regional Co-operation); The capital of Regional co-operation of South Asian 8 countries, is Nepal. SAARC is established on 19** AD, Now it has 8 member state: Nepal, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Afghanistan. 
  41. One-horned Rhino 
  42. Spiny Babbler
 This post is incomplete and is in process of updating...

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Hi, I’m Chakra, the man behind GITAB | Knowledge Hub, from Lumbini (Born place of Lord Buddha) Nepal. I am a student of Microbiology. Feel free to say hello via Fb, Twitter & Chakra's Blog.

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