Wednesday, February 21, 2018

Solar System Facts

Facts on Solar System. Note/Information

Sun

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Jupiter

  • Largest Planet: Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. It was named after the king of the gods in Roman mythology.
  • Most Massive: Jupiter is the most massive planet in our solar systemmore than twice as massive as all the other planets combined.
  • Fourth Brightest: Jupiter is the fourth brightest object in the solar system. Only the Sun, Moon and Venus are brighter. It is one of five planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) visible to the naked eye from Earth.
  • The shortest day of all the planets (Fastest revolution): It turns on its axis once every 9 hours and 55 minutes. The rapid rotation flattens the planet slightly, giving it an oblate shape.
  • Jupiter orbits the Sun once every 11.8 Earth years: From our point of view on Earth, it appears to move slowly in the sky, taking months to move from one constellation to another
  • Unique cloud features: The upper atmosphere of Jupiter is divided into cloud belts and zones. They are made primarily of ammonia crystals, sulfur, and mixtures of the two compounds.
  • The Great Red Spot is a huge storm on Jupiter: Situated 22° south of Jupiter’s equator, the Great Red Spot is a storm that has been raging for at least 350 years. It is so large that three Earths could fit inside it. The red spot circulates anticlockwise and takes six (earth) days to rotate completely
  • Jupiter’s moon Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system: Jupiter's moons are sometimes called the Jovian Satellites, the largest of these are Ganymede, Callisto Io and Europa. Ganymede measures 5,268 km across, making it larger than the planet Mercury. Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto was discovered by Galileo, now known as the Galilean moons.
  • Jupiter has ring system: Its rings are composed mainly of dust particles ejected from some of Jupiter’s smaller worlds during impacts from incoming comets and asteroids. The ring system begins some 92,000 kilometers above Jupiter’s cloud tops and stretches out to more than 225,000 km from the planet. They are between 2,000 to 12,500 kilometers thick.
  • Nine Spacecraft have visited Jupiter: Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses, New Horizons missions, The Juno mission (July 2016).
  • Jupiter's Atmosphere: The solar system's largest atmosphere with hydrogen (~90%) and helium, in roughly the same proportions as are found in the sun. However, it also contains much smaller amounts of other space gases, such as ammonia, methane and water. Below Jupiter's atmosphere, there are layers of compressed hydrogen gas, liquid metallic hydrogen and core of ice, rock and metals. 

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Hi, I’m Chakra, the man behind GITAB | Knowledge Hub, from Lumbini (Born place of Lord Buddha) Nepal. I am a student of Microbiology. Feel free to say hello via Fb, Twitter & Chakra's Blog.

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