The Main Threats to Nepal's Biodiversity

The main threats to Nepal's biodiversity are (Nepal Biodiversity Strategy, 2002):
  • Encroachment/fragmentation and degradation of habitat
  • Poaching and illegal trade of key wild animals and plants
  • Unsustainable use of natural resources
  • The spread of invasive alien plant species
  • Human-wildlife conflict
  • Climate change (direct impacts)
  • Overgrazing by livestock
  • Fire, flood, and landslide
  • Pollution of aquatic environments and changes in river flows'
  • Large infrastructure development
While the above mentioned are direct threats, there is the number of indirect drivers and root causes that interact in complex ways to cause human-induced changes in biodiversity.
Indirect drivers including
  • Inequitable access to forest benefits, 
  • Lack of economic alternatives, 
  • Population growth,
  • Cultural and religious factors that influence local communities' behavior in ways that impact biodiversity, and 
  • Climate change is having increasing impacts on people and nature, in some cases exacerbating indirect drivers of biodiversity loss.
Chakrapani Bhandari

Hi, I’m Chakra, from Lumbini (Born place of Lord Buddha) Nepal. I am an administrative professional in Nepal with having "we can" attitude. If you have any queries relevant to the topic, drop a comment below.

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