Nepal (Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal) is a landlocked Himalayan nation in South Asia. Spread from 26 ° 22 'to 30 ° 27' north latitude and from 80 ° 4 'to 88 ° 12' east longitude, it has a total area of ​​1,47,516 square kilometers. This area is 0.03% of the total area of ​​the earth and 0.3% of the continent of Asia. As the London-based Greenwich Mean Time is east of time, Nepal's standard time is considered to be 5 hours and 45 minutes ahead, based on the 86 ° 15 ′ east longitude passing close to Gaurishankar Himal.

The average length of the eastern border of Nepal from Mechi river to the western border Mahakali river is 885 kilometers. The width from north to south is not uniform. The western part is slightly wider than the eastern part. Similarly, the middle part has shrunk a bit. It has a maximum width of 241 km and a minimum width of 145 km. Therefore, the average width of Nepal is 193 kilometers. Tibet is an autonomous region of China to the north of Nepal and India to the south, east and west. About 81% of Nepal's citizens are Hindus, in the sense that Nepal is also the nation with the highest percentage of Hindus in the world. Apart from Buddhism, Islam, Kirant etc. people also live here. For a small area, Nepal's geographical diversity is remarkable. The Chisa Himalayas range from the hot plains of the Terai. Nepal has eight of the 14 highest mountain ranges in the world, of which the world's highest peak, Mount Everest, is one. Kathmandu is the major city and capital of Nepal. Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts are known as Kathmandu Valley. Other major cities include Pokhara, Biratnagar, Bharatpur, Birgunj, Janakpur, Bhairahawa and Nepalgunj.

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