Sunday, July 29, 2018

Saturday, July 28, 2018

Nepal's Federal Budget of Fiscal Year 2075-76

Nepal's Federal Budget of Fiscal Year 2075-76

Finance Minister Dr. Yubraj Khatiwada presents the full federal budget of the Fiscal Year 2075-76 to the Parliament with the long-term objective of "Prosperous Nepal, Happy Nepalese".
Prosperous Nepal, Happy Nepalese

Please Read/Download Full Federal Budget Speech of Fiscal Year 2075-76.
Nepal's Federal Budget of Fiscal Year 2075-76 Read/Download

Objectives of the Budget 2075-76

  • To end extreme poverty, impoverishment and backwardness by expeditiously fulfilling minimum basic livelihood needs, which are fundamental rights of citizens.
  • To achieve rapid economic and human development by enhancing and optimally utilizing resources, opportunities and potentials.
  • To build a prosperous, strong, self-reliant and socialism-oriented economy by developing economic, physical and social infrastructure.

Priorities of the Budget

  • Promotion of sectors that can create jobs and employment opportunities for all citizens.
  • Accelerated human development through the development of the social sector, including health and education.
  • Use of capital, technology and research in sectors, such as agriculture, water resources and tourism, to achieve sustainable, broad, equitable and high economic growth.
  • Development of basic and modern physical infrastructure, such as roads, railways, irrigation, electricity and urban facilities, to accelerate the pace of building modern Nepal.
  • Reconstruction of structures damaged by earthquakes and floods, and
  • Enhancement in quality of public service delivery, and good governance perceivable by the citizens.

Budget Allocation

  • Re-Current Expenditure: 845.45 Billion, 62.83%
  • Capital Expenditure: 313.99 Billion, 26.21%
  • Financial Management: 155.72 Billion, 10.97%
  • Total Budget Allocated: 1315.16 Billion, 100.00%

Sources Of Budget Financing

  • Revenue: 730.05 Billion
  • Repayment of debt principal: 15.00 Billion
  • Foreign Grant: 72.17 Billion
  • Foreign Loan: 214.04 Billion
  • Internal Loan: 145.00 Billion
  • Cash reserve of the fiscal year 2074/75: 102.73 Billion
  • Total: 1,278.99  Billion
Projected Economic Growth: 5.9% for F.Y. 2074/75

Major Highlights of Finance Bill 2075-76

  • Allocation of Budget of Rs.3.10 billion for The Prime Minister Employment Program to create more employment opportunities within the country in order to gradually develop such situation that does not require Nepali to seek foreign employment.
  • In order to attract youths in business having higher education, the arrangement has been made to provide loan up to Rs. 700 thousand with a 5 percent subsidy in interest rate against the collateral of academic certificates. Compulsorily provisioning of credit guarantee and insurance of the business.
  • Provision of providing project-based loan up to Rs. 1 million after accreditation of skill for the business for the youths returning from foreign employment. Compulsorily credit guarantee of such loan and insurance of the enterprise is proposed.
  • One health center will be established in every ward within two years with the partnership of local level governments. Rs. 4 billion grant has been proposed to the local level to build such institutions.
  • Rs. 134.51 billion has been allocated to the Education, Science and Technology sectors. Madan Bhandari Institute of Science and Technology will be established with the objective of making it an international educational center for excellence in Science and Technology
  • The government will bear the cost of health insurance premium up to Rs. 100 thousand of insurance amount for all citizens of over seventy years of age.
  • Visit Nepal 2020 campaign will be launched with an objective of bringing 2 million tourists in the next two years. Internal tourism promotion campaign will be launched with the spirit of Country First Then Abroad. Rs. 5.2 billion has been allocated for tourism sector development.
  • Prime Minister Agriculture Modernization Project will be expanded and Rs. 4.77 Billion has been allocated for the same.
  • 75% grant shall be provided against insurance of Fishery, Agriculture & Animal husbandry.
  • Visit Nepal 2020 program will be conducted which will aim to the entry of Rs. 2 Million tourists in the country.
  • Feasibility Study & DPR is aimed to be conducted for various rail connections and water routes.
  • Life Insurance limit to the Govt. Employees have been increased to Rs. 0.2 Million and 50% premium for the same shall be contributed by the Government and the Annual Uniform allowances to the employees have increased to Rs 10,000 each.
  • The FY 2018/19 will be celebrated as the National Sanitation Campaign Year to ensure access to basic sanitation to all Nepali citizens within next three years. Nepal will be declared an open defecation free country by constructing toilets in all households.
  • Proposals to celebrate the period of the 2018-2028 year as Energy Decade.
  • Madan Bhandari Highway from Shantinagar of Jhapa to Rupaal of Dadeldhura district will be expanded to Patapur of Mechi Municipality to be developed as agriculture, commercial and industrial corridor to Chure and the valley of Inner Madhesh.
2018 FIFA World Cup Russia

2018 FIFA World Cup Russia


  • FIFA World Cup founded on 1930
  • Number of teams 32 (211 (eligible to enter qualification)
  • Host Nation and Champion of the first world cup was Uruguay
  • In all, 79 nations have played in at least one World Cup. Of these, eight national teams have won the World Cup. 
  • Brazil (5) Germany(4), Italy(4), Argentina(2), France(2), Uruguay(2), England(1), Spain(1).

2018 FIFA World Cup Russia

2018 FIFA World Cup Russia Some Facts
  • Host Nation: Russia
  • Final Match: Luzhniki Stadium, France Vs Croatia (4-2)
  • Match Duration: June 14 to July 15
  • Champion: France
  • Runners-up: Croatia
  • Third Position: Belgium
  • Golden Boot Award: England's Harry Kane (6 goals)
  • Golden Ball Award: Croatian's Luka Modrić
  • Golden Gloves: Belgium's Thibaut Courtois
  • Best Young Player:  France's Kylian Mbappé (19 years)
  • Fair Play Trophy: Spain
  • First appeared team: Iceland and Panama
  • First time VAR (Video Assistant Referee) used
  • Total Goal: 169
  • Total Team: 32
  • Total Match: 64
  • World Cup Mascot: Zabivaka™ (means “the one who scores”) 
  • Ball: Adidas Telstar 18
  • Official Song: Live it up
  • Oldest Player: Egypt's Goalkeeper Essam El-Hadary, 45 years
  • Youngest Player: Daniel Arzani, 19 years and five months – Australia
  • Most suicide goals: 12 goals
  • Upcoming: Qatar (2022), USA, Mexico, Canada (2026)


There are currently five post-tournament awards, and one given during the tournament 
  • the Golden Ball (adidas Golden Ball): best player, first awarded in 1982
  • the Golden Boot (adidas Golden Boot): top goal scorer, first awarded in 1982;
  • the Golden Glove Award (adidas Golden Glove): best goalkeeper, first awarded in 1994;
  • the Best Young Player (Hyundai Best Young Player) award for best player under 21 years of age at the start of the calendar year, first awarded in 2006;
  • the FIFA Fair Play Trophy for the team that advanced to the second round with the best record of fair play, first awarded in 1970;
  • the Man of the Match Award (Budweiser Man of the Match): outstanding performance during each game of the tournament, first awarded in 2002.
Two other awards were given between 1994 and 2006:
  • The Most Entertaining Team award for the team that has entertained the public the most, during the World Cup final tournament, as determined by a poll of the general public;
  • An All-Star Team comprising the best players of the tournament chosen by the technical study group.

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Parts of Brain and their Functions

Parts of Brain and their Functions

The brain is a part of the Central Nervous System. The three parts of Brain; Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Medulla Oblongata; and their functions is given here:
Cerebrum: is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres. It performs higher functions like interpreting touch, vision and hearing, as well as speech, reasoning, emotions, learning, and fine control of movement.
Cerebellum: is located under the cerebrum. Its function is to coordinate muscle movements, maintain posture, and balance.
Brainstem (Medulla Oblongata): acts as a relay center connecting the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord. It performs many automatic functions such as breathing, heart rate, body temperature, wake and sleep cycles, digestion, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, and swallowing.
GITAB Symbolic Picture of Brain
Fig: Symbolic Picture for Brain 
Spinal Cord is also a part of the Central Nervous System (CNS) and is the center of the Reflex Action. It connects a large part of the peripheral nervous system to the brain. Information (nerve impulses) reaching the spinal cord through sensory neurons are transmitted up into the brain.

Monday, July 9, 2018

Mosquito Types and Diseases

Mosquito Types and Diseases

The 3 species; Culex, Anopheles and Aedes are the vector of many diseases.

Culex Mosquito: 

The vector arbovirus infection such as West Nile Virus, Japanese encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, and also filariasis and avian malaria.

Anopheles Mosquito:

Female Anopheles mosquitoes pick up the parasites (primarily Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax) by feeding on infected humans. The parasites develop in a mosquito's body for 10 to 18 days, then is passed on when the mosquito injects saliva while feeding. 

Aedes Mosquito: 

It vectors viruses that cause dengue fever, yellow fever, West Nile fever, chikungunya, eastern equine encephalitis, and Zikavirus, along with many other, less notable diseases. Human lymphatic filariasis by Aedes polynesiensis.
Rest Position of Mosquito by
Fig: Rest Position of Mosquito

Sunday, July 8, 2018

Temporary and Permanent Hardness of Water

Temporary and Permanent Hardness of Water

Temporary hardness is due to carbonate & bicarbonate anions present in water and also called carbonate hardness.
The temporary hardness is removed:
  1. By boiling
  2. By adding lime water (Ca(OH)2)
For example; CaCO3, MgCO3, Ca(HCO3)2, Mg(HCO3)2
Mainly permanent hardness is due to chloride & sulfate anions present in water and also called non-carbonate hardness
The Permanent Hardness can be removed:
  1. By adding soda (Na2CO3)
  2. By Permutit process (Sodium Zeolite)
For Example; CaCl2, MgCl2, CaSO4, MgSO4

Wednesday, July 4, 2018

Sample Cover Letter to Register .NP Domain

Sample Cover Letter to Register .NP Domain

The Format of Handwritten Cover Letter to Register. NP Domain is as follow. Change the Red Mark Area below according to your own. Date of Application, Domain Name to be registered, Your Full Name and Your Signature must be mentioned correctly. Scan and upload it.
Note: For an Organization/Institution the handwritten letter must be in their letter pad (See below Pic. no. 2).
Also ReadHow to Register free .NP Domain Name (Easiest Tutorial) 
cover letter sample to register domain

Cover Letter

Date: today's date 
The Host Master 
Mercantile Communication Pvt. Ltd.
Durbar Marg Kathmandu Nepal 

Dear Sir/Madam, 
I would like to register .np domain name. I have already submitted the domain name registration online form. I have attached my scanned copy of citizenship with this application.  
I will happy if you register my .np domain name as soon as possible. Thank you for considering my application.  

Domain Name: 
Your Sincerely, 
Your Full Name
Your Signature

For an Organization/Institution

This is a sample letter for the domain name of Organization or Institution, the handwritten cover letter must be in their letter pad.
(The example here we have shown is of Goreto Nepal Kapilvastu,, the website is developed by our team)
Free Setup .np Domain with Blogger and Namecheap DNS

Free Setup .np Domain with Blogger and Namecheap DNS

Blogger is a most popular web publishing platform. It is easy and fully free of cost. It was developed by Pyra labs and later bought by Google. The blogs are hosted by Google and generally accessed by subdomain It also supports the third party domains.
Namecheap is one of the world's top domain name registrars, It also hosts DNS record of the third-party domains. It has both premium and freemium service.
Here I give the easiest tutorial to host your free domain name with the world's top name server Namecheap and free blogging platform Blogger.

Step by step tutorial to free host with Blogger and Namecheap

Recommended: How to Register Free .np Domain Name (Easiest Tutorial)
  • After your domain will become active, browse Sign up for a free account. 
  • Click the header option "Domain" and click on freeDNS.
    free Setup with Blogger and Namecheap
  • In the Namecheap dashboard, your domain name will be shown if you have chosen Namecheap as a primary and secondary name server. (Please Read: How to choose one of the world's top registrar Namecheap as a Domain Name Server for .NP Domain registration)
    free Setup with Blogger and Namecheap
  • Click on "Manage" (pointed on above Screenshot), click on advance DNS and fill the host records CNAME Record, A Record. (Due to security reason CNAME record has hidden below). Put your Domain Name in the place of URL Redirect Record.
    free Setup with Blogger and Namecheap
  • The First CNAME Record is the same for all but Second is different. For the Second CNAME record. Browse, Sign in your Gmail id, Go to "Basic Setting" in your Blogger dashboard, Click on "+ Setup a 3rd party URL for your blog" (It is found just below your Put your .NP Domain Name and save, there will be shown two CNAME Record. Copy your CNAME and add to your Namecheap Host Record as in above Screenshot and save it. You will also see "error 9" in your Blogger.
    free Setup with Blogger and Namecheap
  • After adding the host record, please wait for a few hours to a day, the "error 9" will be disappeared on adding the domain to your blogger. Then the setup will complete.
  • Now browse your website, which will now open.
That's it. Keep blogging. If you have any queries regarding the topic, please drop a comment below.  
Register Free .NP Domain Name and Connect with Blogger (Easiest Tutorial)

Register Free .NP Domain Name and Connect with Blogger (Easiest Tutorial)

The .np (ccTLD -Country Code Top Level Domain) is free for Nepalese Citizens, Non-Resident Nepali, and Organizations registered with Nepal Government. The official registrar of the .np domain name is Mercantile Communications Pvt. Ltd. There are 146 .np extensions available, among them,,, and (Only for Governmental Agencies) are most popular.

I describe here with step by step tutorial to Register Free .np Domain Name and Free Hosting with Blogger.
There are a few steps to set up a website. It may charge about $200 per year (cost vary) to set up a website including domain registration, DNS, and Hosting. I describe here all the free of cost, free domain (, free DNS (Namecheap -one of the top registrar), free Hosting (Blogger).

Before you start you must have:

  1. Scan copy of National id (Citizenship, Passport, Driving License or Voter's Card) for the Personal Domain and Nepal Government Registration Certificate for Organization or Institution.
  2. Scan Copy of Handwritten Cover Letter.
  3. Computer and Internet
  4. A valid email id
Also Read: Why professional and public figures need their own personal website?

 Step by step tutorial: 

  1. Browse Nepal's official .np domain registration portal 
    Free Domain Name Free DNS Free Hosting
  2. Create a login account by registering with your login details.
    Free .NP Domain and Free Hosting
  3. The confirmation link will be sent to your email. Click the link and log in with your email id and password.
  4. Check your domain availability, If your domain name is available to register (As in below), click the "Register Now" button. Please be careful with the terms and conditions of .np registration, choose the name and format as mentioned. 
    Free domain and free hosting
  5. Now fill domain registration form. The most important is to fill the Name Servers for your domain. (Please Read: How to setup .np domain with free Namecheap DNS Server). To choose Namecheap (One of the most popular registrar) as a Nameserver fill Primary Name Server: and Secondary Name Server: .NP Domain and Free Hosting
  6. Save the details. Upload your Scanned copy of National id (Citizenship, Passport or Driving Licence) for the personal domain and for Organizations or Institutions, upload Nepal Government certificate of registration. Along with this, upload a Scanned copy of the handwritten Cover Letter (Read here: Format of Cover Letter to Register .NP Domain).
  7. Registration of your Domain Name takes a minimum of one working day.
  8. After registration is complete, you see "Active" status in your registration dashboard.
    Free .NP Domain and Free Hosting
  9. Now Setup your fully free of cost website with Google Blogger and Namecheap Free DNS (Click here). 
Important: How to Setup Fully Free .NP Domain with Blogger and Namecheap Free DNS
 That's it, Keep Blogging. Drop a comment below, if you face any problems.